Leo Haviland provides clients with original, provocative, cutting-edge fundamental supply/demand and technical research on major financial marketplaces and trends. He also offers independent consulting and risk management advice.

Haviland’s expertise is macro. He focuses on the intertwining of equity, debt, currency, and commodity arenas, including the political players, regulatory approaches, social factors, and rhetoric that affect them. In a changing and dynamic global economy, Haviland’s mission remains constant – to give timely, value-added marketplace insights and foresights.

Leo Haviland has three decades of experience in the Wall Street trading environment. He has worked for Goldman Sachs, Sempra Energy Trading, and other institutions. In his research and sales career in stock, interest rate, foreign exchange, and commodity battlefields, he has dealt with numerous and diverse financial institutions and individuals. Haviland is a graduate of the University of Chicago (Phi Beta Kappa) and the Cornell Law School.


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In “Back in the U.S.A.”, Chuck Berry sings: “Yes, I’m so glad I’m livin’ in the U.S.A. Anything you want, we got right here in the U.S.A.”



Marketplace and other cultural analysts create meaningful relationships between variables and groups of phenomena. As subjective perspectives differ, these faithful inquirers identify, define, select, assess, and organize evidence (data; facts; factors) in a variety of fashions. This results in diverse propositions, arguments, and conclusions, and thus an array of competing stories.


In its discussion of America’s 4Q18 GDP growth, the NYTimes (3/1/19, pB1) stated that “most economists do not expect a recession this year.”

America’s current economic expansion is very long by historical standards. Of course history need not repeat itself. Conditions, including associations and patterns between variables, can and do change over time. Marketplace convergence and divergence trends (and lead/lag relationships) are not inevitable; they can shift, sometimes dramatically. However, devoted study of the ongoing economic expansion should not divorce itself from previous economic growth and decline episodes and patterns.

Interest rate yield relationships offer insight into economic history and prospects. Particularly given the remarkable length of America’s recent glorious real GDP expansion, marketplace clairvoyants should review the long run historical relationship between yields for lower-grade United States corporate bonds and the ten year US Treasury note in the context of American economic growth and recession cycles. The recent widening yield spread trend for this credit relationship warns that a US recession (or at least significantly lower growth than generally forecast), whether in calendar 2019 or not long thereafter, is more likely than most wizards anticipate. Moreover, current trends in the US Treasury yield curve, when placed in historic perspective, also underline the looming potential for an American economic downturn (or considerably slower growth than most soothsayers predict).


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American Economic Growth- Cycles, Yield Spreads, and Stocks (3-4-19)


Though global marketplaces and their problems intertwine, let’s concentrate on recent European debt developments and related statements alongside a review of several European interest rate spread relationships. This inquiry underlines that the heated efforts by European (and American and other) economic (political) generals have yielded only partial progress in vanquishing the challenges of the worldwide international crisis. So the worldwide international economic crisis probably will march onward for quite some time. And there is more than a little chance that it will worsen.

A review of yield spreads between the 10 year government debt of Germany and the key Eurozone nations of Spain and Italy over the past year or so underlines the gradually growing sovereign debt and banking stresses on Europe (and therefore on other territories and marketplaces). In addition, these widening European spread trends, especially when reviewed in the context of stock marketplace, currency, and commodity ones, point out the limited (merely partial) successes of efforts to solve the European sovereign debt and banking crisis in particular (and the worldwide economic disaster in general). These spreads warn of dangers to European (and global) economic growth.

Compare the timing of the German 10 year’s high on 4/11/11 at 3.51pc with the April 2011 lows in the German 10 year’s spread against Spanish, Italian, and Hungarian government debt. Keep in mind the pattern of higher lows in the Spanish/German and Italian/German spreads since mid-April 2011. For this mid-April 2011 timing perspective and its aftermath, remember the S+P 500’s high around then (on 5/12/11 at 1371) and that in the broad Goldman Sachs Commodity Index (4/11/11 and 5/2/11 at 762).

Euro FX weakness also reflects the Eurozone (European) crisis. Note the rough parallel since spring 2011 between the declining Euro currency (peak versus the US dollar 5/4/11 at 1.4940) and the gradual widening of the Spanish/German and Italian/German 10 year government spreads.

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European Debt Dangers- Selling Solutions, Buying Time…Yielding Results (1-17-12)