GLOBAL ECONOMICS AND POLITICS
Leo Haviland provides clients with original, provocative, cutting-edge fundamental supply/demand and technical research on major financial marketplaces and trends. He also offers independent consulting and risk management advice.
Haviland’s expertise is macro. He focuses on the intertwining of equity, debt, currency, and commodity arenas, including the political players, regulatory approaches, social factors, and rhetoric that affect them. In a changing and dynamic global economy, Haviland’s mission remains constant – to give timely, value-added marketplace insights and foresights.
Leo Haviland has three decades of experience in the Wall Street trading environment. He has worked for Goldman Sachs, Sempra Energy Trading, and other institutions. In his research and sales career in stock, interest rate, foreign exchange, and commodity battlefields, he has dealt with numerous and diverse financial institutions and individuals. Haviland is a graduate of the University of Chicago (Phi Beta Kappa) and the Cornell Law School.
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In his song “Busload of Faith”, Lou Reed chants: “you need a busload of faith to get by”.
The United States 10 year government note is a widely-watched marketplace benchmark and guide. It ended its major bull move in summer 2016, establishing a yield bottom on 7/6/16 at 1.32 percent. Although the rate for the US Treasury 10 year note has walked peacefully sideways in a fairly narrow path over the past year or so, its yield nevertheless on balance has crept upward from its 9/8/17 interim trough at just over two percent toward its critical barrier around 2.65pc. In the UST’s bear move, the UST yield probably will pierce this 2.65pc target in the near term, with 1/2/14’s 3.05pc elevation the next height in sight.
After establishing a major top in December 2016/January 2017 at 103.2, the broad real trade-weighted US dollar (“TWD”; Federal Reserve, H.10; monthly average) slipped 7.8 percent to 95.2 in September 2017, slightly below crucial support around 96.2 to 96.6. Despite a slight bounce for a couple of months following that September depth, the TWD has renewed its bearish assault on 96.2/96.6 and probably will break decisively beneath that floor (and September 2017’s minor low) relatively soon.
Economic phenomena and fields interrelate in various fashions. Apparent links and relationships between financial (and political) variables and trends (including convergence/divergence and lead/lag ones) of course can change, sometimes dramatically. In any case, although marketplace history is not marketplace destiny, historical analysis still can offer guidance regarding future probabilities.
The current intertwined relationship and trends of rising US Treasury yields alongside the weakening United States dollar likely is of substantial significance for financial marketplaces in general, not just US government interest rates and key currencies.
History signals that climbing US interest rate yields often precede (connect with; lead to) pinnacles in the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S+P 500. In the current economic and political landscape, further feebleness in the broad real trade-weighted US dollar probably will warn of (or confirm) important tops in advanced nation and emerging marketplace stock marketplace benchmarks.
See “Marketplace Vehicles: Going Mobile” (12/13/17), “History on Stage: Marketplace Scenes” (8/9/17), and other essays.
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Busload of Faith- Financial Marketplaces (1-15-18)
As Thanksgiving Day approaches and many prepare for holiday gatherings and festive feedings with family, friends, neighbors, and colleagues, several less-noticed marketplace courses deserve attention from marketplace travelers. United States Treasury International Capital (“TIC”) data reveal that gaping American federal fiscal deficits probably will find it difficult to lure sufficient foreign funds. Recent TIC evidence may warn of stock marketplace trend changes. Also, do foreign visitors find direct ownership (“investment”) in America highly appealing these days? What do New York Stock Exchange margin data unveil about major equity moves? Commodity Futures Trading Commission information on agricultural Index Traders not only offers a window on commodity price patterns in general. Perhaps surprisingly, that Index Trader information can illuminate and confirm marketplace voyages by stock benchmarks such as the S+P 500.
Since its 2009 depth, the high for agricultural Index Trader net long open interest occurred in 2010, at about 1.63 million contracts on 8/10/10. However, this quantity is not much above the more recent high net long position of 1.53mm on 4/26/11, which was close in time to the S+P 500 and broad GSCI elevations. By 10/4/11, the date of lows in the S+P 500 and the broad GSCI, the net IT long open interest had fallen to around 1.30mm. This equals about a 14.9pc dip from the 4/ 26/11 height. On 11/15/11, net IT was about 1.33mm contracts.
The recent percentage decline in IT length of nearly fifteen percent is fairly close to the initial fall of 16.7pc during 2008 (from 5/13/08 to 9/16/08). What would a sharp and sustained decline in the net IT long position under its 10/4/11 level indicate? It probably will coincide with declines in commodities in general and stocks, thus confirming a worsening of the worldwide economic crisis.
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Thanksgiving Marketplaces – Several Servings (11-22-11)